Thursday, June 19, 2014

ASV Behind the Scenes

The advantage of using Adaptive Support Ventilation (ASV) is that it automatically enforces the three primary clinical goals of mechanical ventilation, which include safety, comfort, and liberation.

To accomplish these goals ASV uses rules to set lung protective boundaries. 
Many of these rules are out of view from the device operator and are not affected by operator selection of inputs. The rules fall into two categories 'hard rules' and 'soft rules' or a combination of both types.

A Hard Rule is a pre-set limit which is unaffected by the operators interaction or by measured patient lung mechanic values (a "behind the scene" action). An example of this is the minimum & maximum mandatory breath limits and I:E ratio limits.

A Soft Rule is a limit based on an operator input and/or measured values of the patients respiratory mechanics. An example of this is the minimum & maximum inspiratory pressure threshold, which is determined by the operator directly setting the PEEP (affects lower PIP threshold) and the ASV pressure limit (affects the high PIP limit).

These rules are similar to techniques used by the experienced device operator, in which one uses to optimize ventilator settings. Now the less experienced device operator can provide the same standard of care as a seasoned practitioner in regards to enforcing the clinical goals of mechanical ventilation.

In upcoming blog posts and YouTube videos I will be presenting the the ASV rules in more detail.


Richey, S. (2010). Adaptive Support Ventilation: Guidelines  Standards for Using ASV.